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    酸洗废气处理

    来源:WASHINGTOWER(传梦环保整理发布)   时间:2018-08-28

    酸洗废气处理


    建材厂车间酸洗废气要怎么处理

    酸雾废气处理需要用到酸雾净化塔——五金电镀、氧化、清洗生产过程中使用硫酸、盐酸、硝酸产生的酸性气体具有较强腐蚀性,酸雾处理塔是酸雾废气处理不可缺少的设备。酸雾处理塔又可称为酸雾净化塔,酸雾净化器,酸雾洗涤塔,酸雾净化设备,酸雾废气处理塔等。

    酸雾处理塔主要适用于硫酸、硝酸、氢氟酸、盐酸等生产工艺过程中产生酸/碱性气体废气处理的环保设备。

    酸雾废气处理工艺说明: 生产车间酸洗池酸雾废气经风罩收集,经管道再进入酸雾处理塔,酸雾净化塔体放置二层填料层并配置二级水浴装置,并在循环水池内加氢氧化钠(简称碱),以中和废气中的酸雾,酸雾处理塔的上端喷头喷出吸收液均匀分布在填料上,废气与吸收液在填料表面上充分接触,由于填料的机械强度大、耐腐蚀、空隙率高、表面大的特点,废气与吸收液在填料表面有较多的接触面积和反应时间。净化后的气体会饱含水份经过塔顶的除雾装置去除水份后直接排放大气中。酸雾处理塔的工作原理是将气体中的污染物质分离出来,转化为无害物质,以达到净化气体的目的。它属于微分接触逆流式,塔体内的填料是气液两相接触的基本构件,塔体外部的气体进入塔体后,气体进入填料层,填料层上有来自于顶部喷淋液体及前面的喷淋液体,并在填料上形成一层液膜,气体流经填料空隙时,与填料液膜接触并进行吸收或综合反应,填料层能提供足够大的表面积,对气体流动又不致于造成过大的阻力,经吸收或综合后的气体经除雾器收集后,经出风口排出塔外。

    酸雾废气:

    1)主要来源:化工、电子、冶金、电镀、纺织(化纤)、食品、机械制造等行业过程中排放的酸、碱性废气,如调味食品、制酸、酸洗、电镀、电解、蓄电池等。

    2)酸雾废气的危害:酸雾气体造成的大气污染对人体造成的伤害较大, 尤其是对现场的操作工人、工厂附近的农作物、土壤造成直接的损害及间接影响往往是无法用金钱来衡量的。

    3)废气治理方法:喷淋塔/旋流板塔/水洗塔+碱(酸)液吸收

    酸雾的形成机理主要有两种:

    一种是酸液表面蒸发,酸分子进入空气,与空气中的水分凝并而形成雾滴;

    另一种是酸溶液内有化学反应,形成气泡上浮到液面后爆破,将液滴带出。

    在结合现有的处理技术及相关项目经验的基础上设计出一款针对酸雾废气处理的一体化设备,采用吸收法,有效处理这类酸性废气,保证废气达标排放。

    酸雾废气处理一体化设备适用范围

    本设备适用于化工、电子、冶金、电镀、纺织(化纤)、机械制造等行业酸雾废气净化治理。

    酸雾废气处理一体化设备特点

    1、吸收去除效率高,能力强;

    2、设备构造紧凑,占地面积小,维护管理简单方便,运转成本低;

    3、能够同时处理多种混合有机废气;

    4、采用自动化控制运转设计,操作简易、安全;

    5、全密闭型,室内外皆可使用。

    本塔中无填料及气液交换塔盘等汽液交换装置,采用专利雾化器进行液体雾化,使汽液完全饱和接触。此种塔处理的主要有害气体为硫酸雾、盐酸雾、铬酸雾、硝酸雾、磷酸雾、氢氟酸雾、氯化氢、硫化氢、氰化氢等高污染行业的废气进行吸收、净化处理,达到工艺要求,其效果比传统的填料塔和板式塔均有较大优势。

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