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油漆废气处理

来源:admin(传梦环保整理发布)   时间:2018-08-28

油漆废气处理


传梦环保旋流板塔www.xuanliubanta.com

 油雾废气怎么产生?一般包括下面几种情况:

五金加工时产生的油雾废气

淬火油挥发产生的油雾废气

汽油加工产生的油雾废气

纺织烘干环节产生的油雾废气

PVC手套生产线产生的油雾废气

金属切削液产生的油雾废气

动物内脏炼油加工产生的油雾废气

机械加工产生的油雾废气等

重点介绍机械加工产生的废气,如果生产过程中产生恶臭气体和粉尘则考虑增加除恶臭设备和除尘设备等设备。

现代机械加工领域,一般使用乳化液或冷却油作为作为冷却液,为了有效地润滑、冷却和清洗,金属切削液在使用过程中要经历泵循环、喷射与高速旋转的刀具或工件激烈撞击和高温蒸发等过程,这就决定了其油雾产生的原因很复杂,机械、物理和化学的因素互相交织,共同作用。

但是,并非所有因素都对油雾的产生具有决定性影响,加工过程中金属切削液油雾的形成主要可以归因于两种机理,雾化和蒸发:雾化是机械能转化为液滴表面能的过程,主要是由于液体对机床系统内的固定及旋转单元的激烈冲击 ,被其打碎 ,形成细小液滴漂浮在工作环境中;蒸发的发生是由于切削区产生大量的热,这些热量传人切削液使它的温度明显高于饱和温度,在固一液接触面上就发生沸腾并产生蒸汽。

这些蒸汽随后以周围空气中的小液滴或其它粒子为核心凝结 ,形成油雾 。

从而产生大量的油雾油烟,0.3-3.5微米的颗粒会吸入人体内对健康构成危害、油雾沉积在工作区,易造成工伤等事故,有害于员工的身心健康;同时工作场所雾气弥漫,降低生产效率;油雾沉积在墙面,设备上有着潜在火灾隐患,并可能成为机床内部和电气系统故障的原因。

如果将雾状物排向室外,会破坏环境。油雾从吸气口进入过滤室,被吸附在气液烧结网上,经聚集、结合等效应后,在重力的作用下滑落、下沉到底部,通过排油管,排到油槽被收集。

剩下的小部分油雾在过滤室出口处完全被特种初效过滤毡吸收,同样的被收集到油槽。出风口排出的有异味的空气,被消音器内的活性炭吸附,消除干净。洁净的空气排放到车间可再次循环利用。

机械厂车间油雾净化收集设备及化工厂油雾废气处理方案:

1.直接吸附法:有机废气经活性炭吸附,可达95%以上的净化率,设备简单、投资小,但活性炭更换频繁,增加了装卸、运输、更换等工作程序,导致运行费用增加。

2.吸附-回收法:利用纤维活性炭吸附有机废气,在接近饱和后用过热水蒸汽反吹,进行脱附再生;本法要求提供必要的蒸汽量。

3.新型吸附-催化燃烧法:此法综合了吸附法及催化燃烧法的优点,采用新型吸附材料(蜂窝状活性炭)吸附,在接近饱和后引入热空气进行脱附、解析,脱附后废气引入催化燃烧床无焰燃烧,将其净化,热气体在系统中循环使用,大大降低能耗。本法具有运行稳定可靠、投资省、运行成本低、维修方便等特点,适用于大风量、低浓度的废气治理,是目前国内治理有机废气较成熟、实用的方法。

4.旋流喷淋洗涤法:旋流板喷淋塔www.xuanliubanta.com除尘效率可以达到98.5%以上。通过旋流气动装置的设置,使烟气在同样高度的筒体内旋转次数增加、通过的路径增长,气相紊动剧烈,烟气与吸收液在时间和空间上得到充分的碰撞、接触、溶解、吸收。

5.UV光氧催化处理法:

光化学及光催化氧化法是目前研究较多的一项高级氧化技术。所谓光催化反应,就是在光的作用下进行的化学反应。光化学反应需要分子吸收特定波长的电磁辐射,受激产生分子激发态,然后会发生化学反应生成新的物质,或者变成引发热反应的中间化学产物。光化学反应的活化能来源于光子的能量,在太阳能的利用中光电转化以及光化学转化一直是十分活跃的研究领域。光催化氧化技术利用光激发氧化将O2、H2O2等氧化剂与光辐射相结合。所用光主要为紫外光,包括uv-H2O2、uv-O2等工艺,可以用于处理污水中CCl4、多氯联苯等难降解物质。另外,在有紫外光的Fenton体系中,紫外光与铁离子之间存在着协同效应,使H2O2分解产生羟基自由基的速率大大加快,促进有机物的氧化去除。

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